IP–Internet Protocol

11 Dec

Don’t have to research about IP. It’s give us about a general IP address 

IP is Internet Protocol .Recently,  there’s two version. There are IPv4 and IPv6 


About IPv4

  • List of these addresses v4
  • special addresses
  • IP address country format

About IPv6:

    • format address

About IPv4:

Recently, it’s a commonly used.

Have 32 bit and split 4 octets(one octet is 8 bit), digits separated by dot(.)

There have 5 classes of available in IP ranges: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E. But, Classes A,B,C are commonly used.

The lists of these addresses below:


Bit header

Address Range


Class A

0…..      ->

16 million hosts on each of 127 networks

Class B

10… ->

65, 000 hosts on each of 16, 000 networks

Class C

110.. ->

254 hosts on each of 2 million networks

Class D

1110… ->

Reserved by multicast

Class E

11110.. ->

Reserved by future


Special addresses:

Ranges 127.x.x.x are reserved for loopback address

Address is broadcast to all host on local network


IP address country format:

 see here


About IPv6:

It will be used for future

Have 128 bit. Give us more than 340x 1036 (340 million of billion of billion)

There have 8 octets in IP ranges and digits separated by colon(:)

IPv6 addresses divided into two parts : 64 bit network prefix, 64 bit interface identifier.

For example :



Address format:

IPv6 original:


Leading zero can be skipped.



A occurrence of Groups of zero  can be replaced by double colons.



Environment of dual stack hosts that support both v4 and v6:

Mapped IPv6 :  ::ffff:c000:280  is usually written as  ::ffff:

Represent IPv4 :

writen by: hotdream1990




Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s